It is well established that inculcating good habits for oral hygiene among children can help avoid the most common dental problems that are very common among children of all age groups.
Hence, it is important to adopt a proactive approach for the prevention of dental related issues among children.
Most common dental problems in children
- Tooth Decay (Caries or Cavities)
Tooth decay i.e. Dental caries is a disease that can affect the teeth of people of all ages, including young children around the globe.
Among children, it can affect primary teeth i.e. milk teeth and permanent teeth.
Tooth decay is the breakdown, or destruction, of tooth substance i.e. enamel and dentine by acids formed by bacteria in dental plaque that gets accumulated on the tooth surface.
Tooth decay can lead to cavities referred as caries that appear as holes in the teeth that may cause swelling, pain and infections.
- Sensitive Teeth
The enamel among children being thinner can easily destroyed by plaque and acid. As a result enamel children’s gums may begin to recede, and tooth surface may develop cracks and expose nerve endings causing severe pain.
When this occurs hot or cold foods and fluids cause irritation and discomfort to the child. Sensitive teeth could also be an indication of undiagnosed dental carries i.e. cavities or tooth decay.
- Gum Disease i.e. Gingivitis
Gingivitis, is the inflammation of the gum tissue caused by poor oral and dental hygiene and plaque deposition,
Prolonged Gingivitis or gum disease may progress into bone damage and tooth loss.
During initial stages, it may appear as red and swollen gums and bleed easily after flossing.
The three different types of Gingivitis are:
- Chronic gingivitis
- Aggressive periodontitis
- Generalized aggressive periodontitis
Although gum disease can be prevented with daily brushing, flossing and dental visits but for serious cases deeper cleaning and treatment by a professionally qualified dentist becomes imperative.
- Orthodontic Problems
Orthodontic problems are attributed to genetic factors that are linked with the size and shape of the jaw.
Most common misalignment orthodontic problems seen in children include an overbite, under bite, open bite and spacing problems.
Dental overcrowding and misalignments of teeth in children can cause jaw problems, cracked teeth and other oral hygiene issues.
· Baby Bottle Tooth Decay
Also known as early childhood caries, nursing caries, and nursing bottle syndrome that develops baby’s teeth remain in contact with sugars from drinks, such as fruit juices, milk or any other sweet drink.
Unswallowed milk or sugar contents give rise to bacterial growth in mouth that may cause tooth decay.
If not treated, decayed teeth can cause pain and make it difficult for the child to chew and eat.
Besides above, the dental ailments commonly encountered by Children Dentist Bundoora include:
– Thumb Sucking
– Tongue Thrusting
– Early Tooth Loss
– Lip Sucking
– Dental Anxiety and Phobias
– Dental Emergencies
- Over-Retained Primary Teeth
- Canker Sores
- Halitosis i.e. Bad Breath
With advancement of dental science, all dental problems children are efficiently treated by dentists.
When you need an appropriate dental treatment for your child, please contact Our Dental Clinic – a trusted name among children dentists Bundoora.